Для гидов - экскурсоводов: проводим экскурсию по Москве на английском


Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! (afternoon / evening)

 Today I would like to show you Moscow as it is and tell you about it.

Please look to the right/left/around. (Look back) What you see is Olympic Prospect, and it is (really) famous.

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! My name is Olga. Today I would like to show you Moscow as it is and tell you about it.

 Please, look around. We are in Red Square, the heart [ха:т] of Russia. The square appeared in the fifteenth century, when Ivan the Third ordered to move buildings from the Kremlin walls by one hundred meters.

 There was busy trade and it was called 'Torg' for a long time. Torg is a Russian word for trade.

 The square received its official modern name 'Red Square' in the nineteenth century. The length of the square is three hundred meters and the width is about seventy meters.

Three Kremlin towers out of total twenty overlook Red Square. They are Spasskaya Tower, Senatskaya Tower and Nikolskaya Tower.

Spasskaya Tower is a symbol of New Year in Russia. The Tower clock counts the last seconds of the year stepping down.

Nikolskaya Tower was blown up by the French during 1812 war. The tower was rebuilt by Bove, so it is different from other towers.

Senatskaya Tower was built under Catherine the Great   to accommodate[экОмодейт] the Senate [cЭнэт] meetings. Now it is the official residence of Russian President.

St Basil's Cathedral was built in 1555 to commemorate [комЕморейт] the seizure [сИжэ] of Kazan three years earlier. If you happen to see any picture of Moscow it is very likely you will enjoy the beauty of the Cathedral.

You can see the State Historical Museum right in front of St Basil's Cathedral. It was built at the beginning of the twentieth century.

Before that Aptekarskiy Prikaz, or Pharmacists' Chambers [фА:масистс чЕймбе(р)с] had been situated on this site. In 1755 first Moscow University lessons started here.

Another cathedral situated in Red Square is Kazan Cathedral. It was built by the first Romanov tzar, Mikhail Fiodorovich, to commemorate [комЕморейт] the victory over Poland in 1612. It was destroyed in 1930s [найнтИ:н сЕти:з] and rebuilt in 1990s [найнтИ:н нАйтниз].

Next to Kazan Cathedral you can see the Upper Trading Rows. Now this building is called GUM. It is the main shopping mall in Moscow. It was built at the end of the nineteenth century [найнтИинс сЕнчури] by Pomerantsev. The roof was designed [дизАйнд] by a famous Russian engineer Shukhov.

In front of Senatskaya Tower there lies one of the most famous people in History - Vladimir Lenin. His Mausoleum  was built by an architect Shchusev. On both sides of the Mausoleum there are two mass graves in which liberators of Kremlin in 1917 lie. Here most famous Soviet people and Communist Party leaders also rest in peace.

Lobnoye Mesto is opposite Spasskaya Tower. It is the highest spot in Red Square. All tsar's edicts were read to people from here. Christian [крИсчен] processions [просЕшнс] from Moscow Kremlin cathedrals used to finish here.

Next to St Basil's Cathedral you can see The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, who freed Moscow from Polish invaders in 1612.
 The monument was built 300 years later, in 1912. Originally it was next to Kremlin, but in 1924 when the Mausoleum was built, the monument was moved to its modern place.

So, we have finished our brief encounter with the main square of Russia. As we see, the history of Red Square is a magic mirror in which you see the history of the country.

Thank you for you time! Have a very nice day!